There are several options available for configuring how Liferay DXP’s Documents and
Media library stores files. Each option is a store which can be configured
portal-ext.properties file by setting the
By default, Liferay DXP uses a document library store option called Simple File
Store to store documents and media files on a file system (local or mounted).
The store’s default root folder is
You can specify a different root directory from within
System Settings. To access
System Settings, open the Menu
() and navigate to Control Panel →
Configuration → System Settings. From System Settings, navigate to
Foundation and then search for and select the entry Simple File System Store.
For the store’s Root dir value, specify a path relative to
or an absolute path; then click the Update button. The document library store
switches immediately to the new folder.
You can also use an entirely different method for storing documents and media files:
Simple File System Store: uses the file system (local or a mounted share) to store files.
Advanced File System Store: in addition to using the file system (local or a mounted share) to store files, Advanced File System Store nests the files into more directories by version, for faster performance and to store more files. separate from Liferay DXP to store files.
DBStore (Database Storage): stores files in the Liferay DXP database.
S3Store (Amazon Simple Storage): uses Amazon’s cloud-based storage solution.
CMIS Store (deprecated as of Liferay DXP Digital Enterprise 7.0 Fix Pack 14 (SP3) and Liferay Portal CE 7.0 GA4): uses a system
JCRStore (deprecated as of Liferay DXP Digital Enterprise 7.0 Fix Pack 14 (SP3) and Liferay Portal CE 7.0 GA4): stores files to a JSR-170 compliant document repository. You can use any JCR client to access the files. The files are stored to the server’s file system by default. You can optionally configure JCRStore to store files in a database.
Here are the details for each one.
Using the File System Store
This is the default store. It’s a simple file storage implementation that uses a local folder to store files. You can use the file system for your clustered configuration, but you’d have to make sure the folder to which you point the store can handle things like concurrent requests and file locking. For this reason, you need to use a Storage Area Network or a clustered file system.
The file system store was the first store created for Liferay DXP and is heavily
bound to the Liferay DXP database. By default, documents are stored in a
document_library subfolder of the
data folder in a Liferay DXP bundle. Of
course, you can change this path to anything you want in System Settings.
This store creates a folder structure based on primary keys in the Liferay DXP
database. If, for example, you upload a presentation with the file name
workflow.odp into a folder called stuff, the file system store creates a
folder structure that looks like the figure below.
The folder path used by Liferay DXP for storing documents is this:
The first folder name is the company ID to which the site belongs. The second folder name is the Documents and Media folder’s ID where the document resides. The third folder name is the document’s numeric file entry name. Finally, the fourth name is a version number used for storing multiple versions of the document.
As you can see, the File System Store binds your documents very closely to Liferay DXP, and may not be exactly what you want. If you’ve been using the default settings for a while and need to migrate your documents, Liferay DXP provides a migration utility in the Control Panel in Server Administration → Data Migration. Using this utility, you can move your documents very easily from one store implementation to another.
Using the Advanced File System Store
Liferay DXP’s advanced file system store is similar to the default file system store. Like that store, it saves files to the local file system–which, of course, could be a remote file system mount. It uses a slightly different folder structure to store files, which is pictured below.
So what makes the advanced file system store advanced? Several operating systems have limitations on the number of files which can be stored in a particular folder. The advanced file system store overcomes this limitation by programmatically creating a structure that can expand to millions of files, by alphabetically nesting the files in folders. This not only allows for more files to be stored, but also improves performance as there are fewer files stored per folder.
The same rules apply to the advanced file system store as apply to the default file system store. To cluster this, you must point the store to a network mounted file system that all the nodes can access, and that networked file system must support concurrent requests and file locking. Otherwise, you may experience data corruption issues if two users attempt to write to the same file at the same time from two different nodes.
Create the following file inside your app server’s
Configure the property shown below:
You may need to update the
rootDir property to correctly reflect where
your document library is stored.
With both the
.config file and
portal-ext.properties configured, you can
start Liferay DXP.
You may decide the advanced file system store for whatever reason doesn’t serve your needs. If this is the case, you can of course mount other file systems into the documents and media library. In addition to this, you can also redefine the Liferay DXP store to use one of three other supported protocols. We’ll look at these next.
Using Amazon Simple Storage Service
Amazon’s simple storage service (S3) is a cloud-based storage solution that you can use with Liferay DXP. All you need is an account, and you can store your documents to the cloud from all nodes, seamlessly.
When you sign up for the service, Amazon assigns you unique keys that link you to your account. In Amazon’s interface, you can create “buckets” of data optimized by region. Once you’ve created these to your specifications, use these instructions to connect your S3 account to Liferay DXP.
If you are using Tomcat as your app server, it doesn’t contain a
You must include this property in
Other app servers also need this configuration if they don’t contain a
SAXParser. Remember to place your
system-ext.properties file in a folder
that resides in your Liferay DXP installation’s class path (e.g.,
Consult the Amazon Simple Storage documentation for additional details on using Amazon’s service.
Using the CMIS Store
Though you can mount as many different CMIS (Content Management Interoperability Services) repositories as you like in the Documents and Media library, you may wish also to redefine the Liferay DXP repository to point to a CMIS repository as well. Why? Users might want to create a folder or upload content to the Liferay DXP repository. It would be nice if that Liferay DXP repository was connected to a clustered CMIS repository by the administrator without having to mount it through the UI. The CMIS store allows you to do just that.
If you wish to use the CMIS store, follow the instructions here to set it up. The Liferay DXP repository is connected to CMIS via the CMIS store. As long as all nodes are pointing to your CMIS repository, everything in your Liferay DXP cluster should be fine, as the CMIS protocol prevents multiple simultaneous file access from causing data corruption.
Using the JCR Store
Liferay DXP supports as a store the Java Content Repository standard. Under
the hood, Liferay DXP uses Jackrabbit, a project from Apache, as its JSR-170
compliant document repository. By default, Jackrabbit is configured to store the
documents on the local file system where Liferay DXP is installed, in the
[Liferay Home]/liferay/jackrabbit folder. Inside this folder is Jackrabbit’s
configuration file, called
Using the default settings, the JCR store is not very different from the file system stores, except you can use any JCR client to access the files. You can, however, modify Jackrabbit’s configuration so it stores files in a database that can be accessed by all nodes, and so that it operates as a cluster within Liferay DXP’s cluster.
To move the default repository location to a shared folder, you do not need to edit Jackrabbit’s configuration file. Instead, follow the instructions here. Change it to point to a shared folder that all the nodes can see. A new Jackrabbit configuration file is then generated in that location, and you’ll have to edit that file to modify Jackrabbit’s configuration.
Note that because of file locking issues, this isn’t the best way to share Jackrabbit resources, unless you’re using a networked file system that can handle concurrency and file locking. If you have two people logged in at the same time uploading content, you could encounter data corruption using this method, and because of this, we don’t recommend it for a production system. Instead, if you want to use the Java Content Repository in a cluster, you should redirect Jackrabbit into your database of choice. You can use the Liferay DXP database or another database for this purpose. This requires editing Jackrabbit’s configuration file.
The default Jackrabbit configuration file has sections commented out for moving
the Jackrabbit configuration into the database. This has been done to make it as
easy as possible to enable this configuration. To move the Jackrabbit
configuration into the database, comment out the sections relating to the
file system and comment in the sections relating to the database. These by
default are configured for a MySQL database. If you are using another database,
you will need to modify the configuration, as there are changes to the
configuration file that are necessary for specific databases. For example, the
default configuration uses Jackrabbit’s
DbFileSystem class to mimic a file
system in the database. While this works well in MySQL, it doesn’t work for all
databases. For example, an Oracle database requires the
Modify the JDBC database URLs so they point to your database. This, of course,
must be done on all nodes of the cluster. Don’t forget to create the database
first and grant the user ID you are specifying in the configuration file access
to create, modify, and drop tables. After this, be sure to uncomment the
<Cluster/> section at the bottom of the file. For further information, it’s
best to check out the Jackrabbit documentation.
Once you’ve configured Jackrabbit to store its repository in a database, the next time you bring up Liferay DXP, the necessary database tables are created automatically. Jackrabbit, however, does not create indexes on these tables, and so over time this can be a performance penalty. To fix this, you must manually go into your database and index the primary key columns for all the Jackrabbit tables.
Note that this configuration doesn’t perform as well as the advanced file system
store, because you’re storing documents in a database instead of on the file
system. But it does have the benefit of clustering well.
For example, you can store documents and media files in your Liferay DXP instance’s
database using DBStore. To enable DBStore, add the following
portal property to a
portal-ext.properties file in your Liferay Home:
Remember to restart your Liferay DXP server after updating your
portal-ext.properties file in order for your customizations to take effect.
There are properties related to document library stores that have been moved
portal-ext.properties to OSGi configuration files. The following mapping
shows you how to configure those properties if needed:
Advanced File Store
Since Liferay DXP Fix Pack 14 and Liferay Portal 7.0 CE GA4, both the
.config files are required to configure the
advanced file system store.
Please refer to the Document Library property reference for a complete list of supported customizations. You can customize features such as the maximum allowed size of documents and media files, the list of allowed file extensions, which types of files should be indexed, and more.