Are there times when you find yourself limited by Liferay’s page layout options? Maybe your Feng Shui (pronounced fung SHWAY) senses are picking up on some negative energy? Or perhaps you find yourself adding the same portlets over and over again onto the same types of pages? Don’t despair! Break the monotony by creating your own custom layout templates. Layout template plugins let you design layouts that flow nicely, embed commonly used portlets, and apply CSS, Velocity, and HTML to make your pages visually pop.
You can create layout templates in a Plugins SDK project or a Liferay Maven project. You can create either type of project from Liferay Developer Studio, Liferay IDE, or from the command line. This tutorial focuses on creating layout templates in a Plugins SDK project, from Liferay IDE and from the command line.
To learn how to create Liferay Maven projects, see the tutorial Creating Liferay Maven plugins from IDE or the tutorial Creating Liferay Maven Plugins from the Command Line.
Creating layout templates in Liferay IDE is easy. You can learn how next.
Follow these steps to create a layout template project in the IDE:
Go to File → New → Liferay Plugin Project.
Fill in the Project name and Display name fields.
Choose Ant for the build type and select the appropriate Plugins SDK and Liferay runtime.
Select Layout Template as your plugin type.
You can also create a layout template from the command line using Ant.
From your command line terminal, navigate to your Plugins SDK’s
folder. To create a layout template project you must execute the create
script. Here’s the format to follow in executing the script:
create.[sh|bat] [project-name] "[Layout Template Display Name]"
On Linux and Mac OS X, you’d enter a command similar to the one in this example:
./create.sh my-layout "My Layout"
On WindowsX, you’d enter a command similar to the one in this example:
create.bat my-layout "My Layout"
Liferay IDE’s New Project wizard and the create scripts generate layout
template projects in your Plugin SDK’s
layouttpl folder. The Plugins SDK
automatically appends “-layouttpl” to your project name.
Look at the directory structure of a layout template project below:
A layout template project can contain multiple layout templates. The directory
structure is the same, but there is a
.wap.tpl file for
each layout template in the
docroot/ folder. The
liferay-* files describe
the layout templates for packaging and deployment.
Check out what each template file does:
[project-name].tpl: Generates the HTML structure of the template.
[project-name].wap.tpl: Variant template for mobile devices. WAP stands for Wireless Application Protocol.
[project-name].png: Thumbnail representation of the template that you see in Liferay Portal from the Page Layout screen. You’ll have to create a custom thumbnail image to draw attention to your layout, but you can use the default thumbnail PNG file as a starting point.
In addition to the three template-specific files, a layout template project has two Liferay configuration files:
liferay-layout-templates.xml: Specifies the name of the layout templates and the location of their TPL and PNG files.
liferay-plugin-package.properties: Describes the plugin project to Liferay’s hot deployer.
Now that you’re well-versed on the anatomy of a layout template project, go out and create some!