Extending Core Classes Using Spring with Ext Plugins

A supported use case for using Ext plugins in Liferay DXP is extending its core classes (e.g., portal-impl, portal-kernel, etc.) using Spring. You can reference the Finding Core Artifacts section for help distinguishing core classes. Make sure you’ve reviewed the generalized Customization with Ext Plugins section before creating an Ext plugin.

As an example, you’ll create a sample Ext plugin that extends the PortalImpl core class residing in the portal-impl.jar. You’ll override the PortalImpl.getComputerName() method via Spring bean, which returns your server’s node name. The Ext plugin will override this method and modify the server’s returned node name.

  1. Navigate to your Liferay Workspace’s root folder and run the following command:

    blade create -t war-core-ext portal-impl-extend-spring-ext

    Your Ext plugin is generated and now resides in the workspace’s /ext folder with the name you assigned.

  2. Displaying the server node name in your Liferay DXP installation is set to false by default. You’ll need to enable this property. To do this, navigate into your Liferay bundle’s root folder and create a portal-ext.properties file. In that file, insert the following property:


    Now your server’s node name will be displayed once your Liferay bundle is restarted.

  3. In the /extImpl/java folder, create the folder structure representing the package name you want your new class to reside in (e.g., com/liferay/portal/util). Then create your new Java class:

    package com.liferay.portal.util;
    public class SamplePortalImpl extends PortalImpl {
        public String getComputerName() {
            return "SAMPLE_EXT_INSTALLED_" + super.getComputerName();

The method defined in the extension class overrides the PortalImpl.getComputerName() method. The "SAMPLE_EXT_INSTALLED_" String is now prefixed to your server’s node name.

  1. In your Ext plugin’s /extImpl/resources folder, create a META-INF/ext-spring.xml file. In this file, insert the following code:

    <?xml version="1.0"?>
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd"
        <bean class="com.liferay.portal.util.SamplePortalImpl" id="com.liferay.portal.util.PortalImpl" />

Since you plan on modifying a core service class, you can inject its extension class via a Spring bean. This will ensure your new class is recognized. Assign your extension class’s fully defined class name (e.g., com.liferay.portal.util.SamplePortalImpl) to the bean tag’s class attribute and the fully defined original class name (e.g., com.liferay.portal.util.PortalImpl) to the bean tag’s id attribute.

When your Ext plugin is deployed, your new service (e.g., SamplePortalImpl) will extend the core PortalImpl class.

Awesome! You’ve created an Ext plugin that extends a core class in Liferay DXP! Follow the instructions in the Deploy the Plugin article to deploy it to your server.

« Deploying an Ext ModuleOverriding Core Classes with Ext Plugins »
Was this article helpful?
0 out of 0 found this helpful