Installing Liferay DXP on WebLogic 12c R2

Although it’s possible to install Liferay DXP in a WebLogic Admin Server, this isn’t recommended. It’s best practice to install web apps, including Liferay DXP, in a WebLogic Managed server. By deploying to a Managed Server, you’ll be able to start/shutdown Liferay DXP more quickly, and you’ll more easily be able to extend Liferay DXP into a cluster configuration. This article therefore focuses on installing Liferay DXP in a Managed Server.

Before getting started, you should take care of a few things. First, it’s assumed that your Admin and Managed Servers already exist. See WebLogic’s documentation for instructions on setting up and configuring Admin and Managed Servers.

You should also read the following articles to familiarize yourself with Liferay DXP’s general installation steps:

Before proceeding, you must download these Additional Files:

  • Liferay DXP WAR file
  • Dependencies ZIP file
  • OSGi Dependencies ZIP file

Without any further ado, get ready to install Liferay DXP in WebLogic!

Configuring WebLogic’s Node Manager

WebLogic’s Node Manager starts and stops managed servers.

If you’re running WebLogic on a UNIX system other than Solaris or Linux, use the Java Node Manager, instead of the native version of the Node Manager, by configuring these Node Manager properties in the domains/your_domain_name/nodemanager/ file:



See Oracle’s Configuring Java Node Manager documentation for details.

Configuring WebLogic

Next, you must set some variables in two WebLogic startup scripts. These variables and scripts are as follows. Be sure to use set instead of export if you’re on Windows.

  1. your-domain/startWebLogic.[cmd|sh]: This is the Admin Server’s startup script.

  2. your-domain/bin/startWebLogic.[cmd|sh]: This is the startup script for Managed Servers.

Add the following variables to both startWebLogic.[cmd|sh] scripts:

export DERBY_FLAG="false"
export JAVA_OPTIONS="${JAVA_OPTIONS} -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8  -Duser.timezone=GMT -da:org.apache.lucene... -da:org.aspectj..."
export MW_HOME="/your/weblogic/directory"
export USER_MEM_ARGS="-Xmx1024m -XX:MetaspaceSize=512m"

The DERBY_FLAG setting disables the Derby server built in to WebLogic, as Liferay DXP doesn’t require this server. The remaining settings support Liferay DXP’s memory requirements, UTF-8 requirement, Lucene usage, and Aspect Oriented Programming via AspectJ. Also make sure to set MW_HOME to the directory containing your WebLogic server on your machine. For example:

export MW_HOME="/Users/ray/Oracle/wls12210"

You must also ensure that the Node Manager sets Liferay DXP’s memory requirements when starting the Managed Server. In the Admin Server’s console UI, navigate to the Managed Server you want to deploy Liferay DXP to and select the Server Start tab. Enter the following into the Arguments field:

-Xmx2048m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=512m

Click Save when you’re finished.

The UTF-8 file encoding and GMT time zone must also be set in your environment’s Java properties. In your setDomainEnv.[sh|cmd] script, append -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -Duser.timezone=GMT ahead of your other Java properties:


Next, you’ll set some Liferay DXP-specific properties for your Liferay DXP installation.

Setting Liferay DXP Properties

Before installing Liferay DXP, you must set the Liferay Home folder’s location via the liferay.home property in a file. You can also use this file to override other Liferay DXP properties that you may need.

First, decide which directory you want to serve as Liferay Home. In WebLogic, your domain’s folder is generally Liferay Home, but you can choose any folder on your machine. Then create your file and add the liferay.home property:


Remember to change this file path to the location on your machine that you want to serve as Liferay Home.

Now that you’ve created your file, you must put it inside the Liferay DXP WAR file. Expand the Liferay DXP WAR file and place in the WEB-INF/classes folder. Later, you can deploy the expanded archive to WebLogic. Alternatively, you can re-WAR the expanded archive for later deployment. In either case, Liferay DXP reads your property settings once it starts up.

If you need to make any changes to after Liferay DXP deploys, you can find it in your domain’s autodeploy/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes folder. Note that the autodeploy/ROOT folder contains the Liferay DXP deployment.

Next, you’ll install Liferay DXP’s dependencies.

Installing Liferay DXP Dependencies

You must now install Liferay DXP’s dependencies. Recall that earlier you downloaded two ZIP files containing these dependencies. Install their contents now:

  1. liferay-dxp-digital-enterprise-dependencies-[version].zip: Unzip this file and place its contents in your WebLogic domain’s lib folder.

  2. liferay-dxp-digital-enterprise-osgi-[version].zip: Unzip this file and place its contents in the Liferay_Home/osgi folder (create this folder if it doesn’t exist).

If you don’t want to use Liferay DXP’s built-in Hypersonic database, you must also add your database’s driver JAR file to your domain’s lib folder. Note that although Hypersonic is fine for testing purposes, you should not use it for production Liferay DXP instances.

Next, you’ll configure your database.

Database Configuration

Use the following procedure if you want WebLogic to manage your database for Liferay DXP. You can skip this section if you want to use Liferay DXP’s built-in Hypersonic database.

  1. Log in to your AdminServer console.

  2. In the Domain Structure tree, find your domain and navigate to ServicesJDBCData Sources.

  3. To create a new data source, click New. Fill in the Name field with Liferay Data Source and the JNDI Name field with jdbc/LiferayPool. Select MySQL as the database type, and MySQL’s Driver (Type 4) Versions:using com.mysql.jdbc.Driver as the database driver. Click Next to continue.

  4. Accept the default settings on this page and click Next to move on.

  5. Fill in the database information for your MySQL database.

  6. Add the text ?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&\useFastDateParsing=false to the URL line and test the connection. If it works, click Next.

  7. Select the target for the data source and click Finish.

  8. You must now tell Liferay DXP about the JDBC data source. Create a portal-ext.propreties file in your Liferay Home directory, and add the line

Alternatively, you can make the above configuration strictly via properties in the file. To do so, place the following properties and values in the file. Be sure to change the your* values with the values appropriate for your database’s configuration:


Next, you’ll configure your mail session.

Mail Configuration

If you want WebLogic to manage your mail session, use the following procedure. If you want to use Liferay’s built-in mail session (recommended), you can skip this section.

  1. Start WebLogic and log in to your Admin Server’s console.

  2. Select ServicesMail Sessions from the Domain Structure box on the left hand side of your Admin Server’s console UI.

  3. Click New to begin creating a new mail session.

  4. Name the session LiferayMail and give it the JNDI name mail/MailSession. Then fill out the Session Username, Session Password, Confirm Session Password, and JavaMail Properties fields as necessary for your mail server. See the WebLogic documentation for more information on these fields. Click Next when you’re done.

  5. Choose the Managed Server that you’ll install Liferay DXP on, and click Finish. Then shut down your Managed and Admin Servers.

  6. With your Managed and Admin servers shutdown, add the following property to your file:

    Liferay DXP references your WebLogic mail session via this property setting. If you’ve already deployed Liferay DXP, you can find your file in your domain’s autodeploy/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes folder.

Your changes will take effect upon restarting your Managed and Admin servers.

Next, you’ll configure the security settings in your WebLogic server to work with Liferay DXP.

Security Configuration

When you’re ready to start using Liferay Marketplace apps, you’ll want to protect your Liferay DXP instance and your WebLogic server from security threats. To do so, you must enable Java Security on your WebLogic server and specify a security policy to grant Liferay DXP access to your server.

First, you’ll grant Liferay DXP access to your server. This configuration opens all permissions–you can fine-tune your policy’s permissions later. If it doesn’t already exist, create a policy file named weblogic.policy in your $WL_HOME/server/lib folder. Replace its contents with the following:

grant {

To enable security on your WebLogic server and direct the server to your policy file, open the setDomainEnv.[cmd|sh] file in your domain’s binfolder. Then set the Java option and set the property to your weblogic.policy file. You can specify both settings on the same line like this:$WL_HOME/server/lib/weblogic.policy

The double equals sign tells the app server to use only this policy file. Any other security policies are ignored.

For extensive information on Java SE Security Architecture, see its specification docs at Also, see the section Understanding Plugin Security Management in the Developer’s Guide to learn how to configure Liferay DXP plugin access to resources.

Deploying Liferay DXP

As mentioned earlier, although you can deploy Liferay DXP to a WebLogic Admin Server, you should instead deploy it to a WebLogic Managed Server. Dedicating the Admin Server to managing other servers that run your apps is a best practice.

Follow these steps to deploy Liferay DXP to a Managed Server:

  1. Make sure the Managed Server you want to deploy Liferay DXP to is shut down.

  2. In your Admin Server’s console UI, select Deployments from the Domain Structure box on the left hand side. Then click Install to start a new deployment.

  3. Select the Liferay DXP WAR file or its expanded contents on your file system. Alternatively, you can upload the WAR file by clicking the Upload your file(s) link. Click Next.

  4. Select Install this deployment as an application and click Next.

  5. Select the Managed Server you want to deploy Liferay DXP to, and click Next.

  6. If the default name is appropriate for your installation, keep it. Otherwise, give it a name of your choosing and click Next.

  7. Click Finish. After the deployment finishes, click Save if you want to save the configuration.

  8. Start the Managed Server you deployed Liferay DXP to. Liferay DXP precompiles all the JSPs, and then launches.

Nice work! Now you’re running Liferay DXP on WebLogic.

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