Social API

You can use the social API to integrate Liferay DXP’s social features with your apps. Here, you’ll learn about the following topics:

Social Bookmarks

To apply social bookmarks to your app’s content, you must use the liferay-social-bookmarks taglib. This taglib contains the liferay-social-bookmarks:bookmarks tag, which adds the social bookmarks component. This tag contains these attributes:

className: The entity’s class name.

classPK: The entity’s primary key.

displayStyle: The social bookmarks’ display style. Possible values are inline, which displays them in a row, and menu, which hides them in a menu.

title: A title for the content being shared. This attribute is often populated by calling the entity’s getTitle() method (or other method that retrieves the title).

types: A comma-delimited list of the social media services to use (e.g., facebook,twitter). To use every social media service available in the portal, omit this attribute or use <%= null %> for its value.

url: A URL to the portal content being shared. The PortalUtil method getCanonicalURL is often called to populate this attribute. This method constructs an SEO-friendly URL from the page’s full URL. For more information, see the method’s Javadoc.

For instructions on using this tag, see Applying Social Bookmarks. For instructions on creating your own social bookmarks, see Creating Social Bookmarks.

Figure 1: With displayStyle set to inline, the first three social bookmarks appear in a row and the rest appear in a menu.

Figure 1: With `displayStyle` set to `inline`, the first three social bookmarks appear in a row and the rest appear in a menu.

Figure 2: With displayStyle set to menu, all social bookmarks appear in the Share menu.

Figure 2: With `displayStyle` set to `menu`, all social bookmarks appear in the *Share* menu.


The asset framework supports a content rating system. This feature appears in many of Liferay DXP’s built-in apps. For example, users can rate articles published in the Blogs app. There are three different rating types:

  • Likes
  • Stars (five, by default)
  • Thumbs (up/down)

To enable ratings in your app, you must use the liferay-ui:ratings tag and set its type attribute to the rating type (like, stars, or thumbs). For instructions on this, see Rating Assets.

Rating Type Selection

Admins can select the rating type for an app’s entities via the Control Panel and Site Administration. Portal admins can set the default rating type for the portal, while Site admins can override the default rating type for their Site.

A ratings-enabled app must define its rating type in an OSGi component that implements the PortletRatingsDefinition interface. This class declares the usage of ratings (specifying the portlet and the entity) and the default rating type (that can be overridden by portal and site admins). This interface has two methods that you must implement:

getDefaultRatingsType: Returns the entity’s default rating type, which portal and site admins can override. You can do this via the RatingsType enum, which contains LIKE, STARS, or THUMBS.

getPortletId: Returns the portlet ID of the main portlet that uses the entity. You can do this via the PortletKeys enum, which defines many constants that correspond to the portlet IDs of the built-in portlets.

To add support for rating type selection in your app, follow the instructions in Implementing Rating Type Selection. Once you’ve done so, you can configure the default rating type via the Control Panel at ConfigurationInstance SettingsSocial. To override the default values for a site, go to Site Administration (your Site’s menu) → ConfigurationSite SettingsSocial.

Rating Value Transformation

The database stores normalized rating values. This permits switching between rating types without modifying the underlying data. When administrators change an entity’s rating type, its best match is computed. Here’s a list of the default transformations between rating types:

  1. When changing from stars to:

    Like: A value of 3, 4, or 5 stars is considered a like; a value of 1 or 2 stars is omitted.

    Thumbs up/down: A value of 3, 4, or 5 stars is considered a thumbs up; a value of 1 or 2 stars is considered a thumbs down.

  2. When changing from thumbs up/down to:

    Like: A like is considered a thumbs up.

    Stars: A thumbs down is considered 1 star; a thumbs up is considered 5 stars.

  3. When changing from like to:

    Stars: A like is considered 5 stars.

    Thumbs up/down: A like is considered a thumbs up.

There may be some cases, however, where you want to apply different criteria to determine the new rating values. A mechanism exists that permits this, but it modifies the stored rating values. To define such transformations, create an OSGi component that implements RatingsDataTransformer.

When implementing RatingsDataTransformer, implement the transformRatingsData method to transform the data. This method’s arguments include the RatingsType variables fromRatingsType and toRatingsType, which contain the rating type to transform from and to, respectively. These values let you write your custom transformation’s logic. You can write this logic by implementing the interface ActionableDynamicQuery.PerformActionMethod as an anonymous inner class in the transformRatingsData method, implementing the performAction method with your transformation’s logic.

For instructions on implementing RatingsDataTransformer, see Customizing Rating Value Transformation.

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