Non-US-ASCII characters in the local part of email addresses


  • Trying to add a new user with an email address containing the letter 'ñ' in the local part, it seems that is not considered a valid character.


  • Liferay Portal 6.2
  • Liferay DXP 7.x


  • RFC 5322 (section 3.2.3) defines the allowed characters in the local part of an email address. These are US-ASCII alphabetical and numerical ones, plus a few additional printable ones and a few special characters that need to be surrounded by quote.
  • RFC 6533 is about transmiting an email message using the SMTPUTF8 extension and Internationalized Email Headers, but both are experimental protocols non followed by Liferay DXP.
  • As conclusion, non-US-ASCII characters are not allowed in the local part of an email address. 

Additional Information



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