Initiating New Export/Import Processes

The Staging and Export/Import features are the building blocks for creating, managing, and publishing a site. These features can be accessed in the Publishing Tools menu. You can also, however, start these processes programmatically. This lets you provide new interfaces or mimic the functionality of these features in your own application.

Providing the ability to stage your application’s assets makes using your application much more site administrator-friendly. Your new assets no longer have to be saved somewhere off-site until they’re ready to be published. You can publish them to a staging environment, test their usability, and save them to a page. Once the time is right for publishing, you can publish your application’s assets to the live site with one mouse click. The export/import feature offers similar conveniences: if you want to export your application’s assets to use in another place or you need to clear its data but save a copy you can implement the export feature. Implementing the import feature lets you bring your assets/data back into your application.

To initiate a export/import or staging process, you must pass in an ExportImportConfiguration object. This object encapsulates many parameters and settings that are required while the export/import is running. Having one single object with all your necessary data makes executing these frameworks quick and easy.

For example, when you want to implement the export feature, you must call services offered by the ExportImportService interface. All the methods in this interface require an ExportImportConfiguration object. Liferay DXP provides a way to generate these configuration objects, so you can easily pass them in your service methods.

It’s also important to know that ExportImportConfiguration is an Liferay DXP entity, similar to User or Group. This means that the ExportImportConfiguration framework offers local and remote services, models, persistence classes, and more.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn about the ExportImportConfiguration framework and how you can take advantage of provided services and factories to create these controller objects. Once they’re created, you can easily implement whatever import/export functionality you need.

Your first step is to create an ExportImportConfiguration object and use it to initiate your custom export/import or staging process.

  1. Use the Export/Import Configuration factory classes to build your ExportImportConfiguration object. Below is a common way to do it:

    Map<String, Serializable> exportLayoutSettingsMap =
        ExportImportConfigurationSettingsMapFactory.
            buildExportLayoutSettingsMap(...);
    
    ExportImportConfiguration exportImportConfiguration =
        exportImportConfigurationLocalService.
            addDraftExportImportConfiguration(
                user.getUserId(),
                ExportImportConfigurationConstants.TYPE_EXPORT_LAYOUT,
                exportLayoutSettingsMap);
    

    This example uses the ExportImportConfigurationSettingsMapFactory to create a layout export settings map. Then this map is used as a parameter to create an ExportImportConfiguration by calling an add method in the entity’s local service interface. The ExportImportConfigurationLocalService provides several useful methods to create and modify your custom ExportImportConfiguration.

    The ExportImportConfigurationSettingsMapFactory provides many build methods to create settings maps for various scenarios, like importing, exporting, and publishing layouts and portlets. For examples of this particular scenario, you can reference UserGroupLocalServiceImpl.exportLayouts(…) and GroupLocalServiceImpl.addDefaultGuestPublicLayoutsByLAR(…).

    There are two other important factories provided by this framework that are useful during the creation of ExportImportConfiguration objects:

  2. Call the appropriate service to initiate the export/import or staging process. There are two important service interfaces that you can use in the cases of exporting, importing, and staging: ExportImportLocalService and StagingLocalService. In the previous step’s example code snippet, you created an ExportImportConfiguration object intended for exporting layouts. Here’s how to initiate that process:

    files[0] = exportImportLocalService.exportLayoutsAsFile(
        exportImportConfiguration);
    

    By calling this interface’s method, you’re exporting layouts from Liferay DXP into a java.io.File array. Notice that your ExportImportConfiguration object is the only needed parameter in the method. Your configuration object holds all the required parameters and settings necessary to export your layouts from Liferay DXP. Although this example code resides in Liferay DXP, you could easily use this framework from your own project.

It’s that easy! To start your own export/import or staging process, you must create an ExportImportConfiguration object using a combination of the three provided ExportImportConfiguration factories. Once you have your configuration object, provide it as a parameter in one of the many service methods available to you by the Export/Import or Staging interfaces to begin your desired process.

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