Password Policies

Password policies enforce password rules to help users specify secure passwords. Use the default policy that ships with Liferay (modified or as is), or create your own policies. Password policies can be assigned to Users or Organizations, or set as the default policy used throughout a virtual instance.

Adding and Configuring Password Policies

To add or edit password policies,

  1. Navigate to Control PanelUsersPassword Policies.

    There’s already a default password policy in the system.

  2. Edit this the same way you edit other resources: click Actions (Actions) and then click Edit.

  3. To add a new policy, click the Add (Add) button.

    Provide the Name (required), Description, and specific configuration options for your new password policy.

Figure 1: You can create new password policies to suit your needs.

Figure 1: You can create new password policies to suit your needs.

There are several configuration categories.

Password Changes
Allow or disallow users to change their passwords, and set a time limit on the validity of password reset links.
Password Syntax Checking
If enabled, require users to use a certain syntax when choosing a password. You can disallow dictionary words, set a minimum length, and more in this section.
Password History
If enabled, decide how many passwords to keep in the history, preventing users from reusing an old password.
Password Expiration
Decide whether to expire passwords after a specified time. If enabled, specify how long passwords are valid, when and whether to send a warning, and how many times the user can log in after the password is expired before needing to set a new password (called a Grace Limit).
Lockout
If enabled, set a maximum number of failed authentication attempts before the account is locked, how long the number of attempts is stored, and the lockout duration.
Self Destruct
If enabled, set the time after lockout before Liferay self destructs catastrophically, sending the world into apocalyptic chaos, out of which self-aware robots arise and recolonize the world, enslaving the surviving remnant of humanity for their own nefarious purposes. We recommend you keep this disabled.

Just making sure you were paying attention; that last one doesn’t actually exist.

Once you configure the policy, click Save to add it to the list of ready-to-use password policies.

Assigning Users to a Password Policy

To use the default password policy, you don’t have to do anything: like its name suggests, it’s the default. If you create a new password policy, however, you must assign users to it. To do this click Actions (Actions) → Assign Members.

Figure 2: Assign members to new password policies to make them take effect.

Figure 2: Assign members to new password policies to make them take effect.

Choose whether to assign users directly or to assign organizations to the password policy, then click Add (Add).

Once assignments are saved, the password policy is in effect. Did you know you can change the default password policy and configure it using Liferay’s portal.properties file?

Default Policy Properties

The Default Password Policy is set as the default and configured in Liferay’s portal.properties file. Find the properties that start with passwords.default.policy. To make changes, including changing the default policy, add whichever properties and values you choose to modify in your portal-ext.properties file, as usual. Restart the application server and your changes take effect.

#
# Set the properties of the default password policy.
#

...
passwords.default.policy.name=Default Password Policy
...

As you can see, Password Policies give you a simple yet powerful way to set password rules.

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