Adding New Behavior to an Editor

You can select from several different WYSIWYG editors for your users, and each is configurable and has its strengths and weaknesses. Configuration alone, however, doesn’t always expose the features you want. In these cases, you can programmatically access the editor instance to create the editor experience you want, using the liferay-util:dynamic-include JavaScript extension point. It injects JavaScript code right after the editor instantiation to configure/change the editor.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to use this JavaScript extension point.

Injecting JavaScript into a WYSIWYG Editor

The liferay-util:dynamic-include extension point is in configurable editors’ JSP files: it’s the gateway for injecting JavaScript into your editor instance:

  1. Create a JS file containing your editor functionality in a folder that makes sense to reference, since you must register the file in your module. The extension point injects the JavaScript code right after editor initialization.

    Liferay injects JavaScript code for some applications:

    These JS files redefine the fields that show in dialogs, depending on what the selected language (HTML, BBCode, Creole) supports. For example, Creole doesn’t support background color in table cells, so the table cells are removed from the options displayed to the user when running in Creole mode.

  2. Create a module that can register your new JS file and inject it into your editor instance.

  3. Create a unique package name in the module’s src directory, and create a new Java class in that package. To follow naming conventions, your class name should begin with the editor you’re modifying, followed by custom attributes, and ending with DynamicInclude (e.g., CKEditorCreoleOnEditorCreateDynamicInclude.java). Your Java class should implement the DynamicInclude interface.

  4. Directly above the class’s declaration, insert the following annotation:

    @Component(immediate = true, service = DynamicInclude.class)
    

    This declares the component’s implementation class and starts the module once deployed to Portal.

  5. If you have not yet overridden the abstract methods from DynamicInclude, do that now. There are two implemented methods to edit: include(...) and register(...).

  6. In the include(...) method, retrieve the bundle containing your custom JS file. Retrieve the JS file as a URL and inject its contents into the editor. Here’s the code that does this for the creole_dialog_definition.js file:

    Bundle bundle = _bundleContext.getBundle();
    
    URL entryURL = bundle.getEntry(
        "/META-INF/resources/html/editors/ckeditor/extension" +
            "/creole_dialog_definition.js");
    
    StreamUtil.transfer(entryURL.openStream(), response.getOutputStream());
    

    In the include(...) method, you can also retrieve editor configurations and choose the JS file to inject based on the configuration selected by the user. For example, this would be applicable for the use case that was suggested previously dealing with Creole’s deficiency with displaying background colors in table cells. Liferay implemented this in the include(...) method in the CKEditorCreoleOnEditorCreateDynamicInclude class.

  7. Make sure you’ve instantiated your bundle’s context so you can successfully retrieve your bundle. As a best practice, do this by creating an activation method and then setting the BundleContext as a private field. Here’s an example:

    @Activate
    protected void activate(BundleContext bundleContext) {
        _bundleContext = bundleContext;
    }
    
    private BundleContext _bundleContext;
    

    This method uses the @Activate annotation, which specifies that it should be invoked once the service component has satisfied its requirements. For this default example, the _bundleContext was used in the include(...) method.

  8. Now register the editor you’re customizing. For example, if you were injecting JS code into the CKEditor’s JSP file, the code would look like this:

    dynamicIncludeRegistry.register(
        "com.liferay.frontend.editor.ckeditor.web#ckeditor#onEditorCreate");
    

    This registers the CKEditor into the Dynamic Include registry and specifies that JS code will be injected into the editor once it’s created.

    Just as you can configure individual JSP pages to use a specific implementation of the available WYSIWYG editors, you can use those same implementation options for the registration process. Visit the Editors section of portal.properties for more details. For example, to configure the Creole implementation of the CKEditor, you could use the following key:

    "com.liferay.frontend.editor.ckeditor.web#ckeditor_creole#onEditorCreate"
    

That’s it! The JS code that you created is now injected into the editor instance you’ve specified. You’re now able to use JavaScript to add new behavior to your Liferay DXP supported WYSIWYG editor!

Adding New Behavior to an Editor

Embedding Portlets in Themes

Portlets

« Modifying an Editor's ConfigurationAlloyEditor »
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