Moving and Restoring Parent Entities

What happens if you need to trash a parent entity, such as a parent wiki page, or a web content folder full of articles? Don’t sweat it. Moving parent entries to and from the Recycle Bin is similar to moving non-parent entries.

Albums, for example, in the Jukebox portlet are parent entities–they aggregate songs. And Jukebox portlet users can move/restore albums to/from the Recycle Bin. This tutorial uses code from the Jukebox portlet to demonstrate moving/restoring parent entities. You can translate the logic for your app’s parent entities.

Step 1: Mark Container Model Service Entities

First, define each container/parent model as such in your app’s services. To do this, open your app’s service.xml file and add the container-model="true" attribute setting in the container entity’s primary key column element.

For example, the Jukebox portlet’s service.xml file marks the album entity as a container model in the following element:

<column name="albumId" type="long" primary="true" container-model="true" />

On running Service Builder, it generates methods you can use to obtain each parent entity’s children. In the case of Jukebox, the album entity has songs as its child entities. Service Builder generates -Model, -ModelClp, and -ModelImpl classes to implement the ContainerModel interface. These implementations enable the Recycle Bin framework to identify and use these models as container models.

Next, you’ll handle the child entities.

Step 2: Manage Children Entities

Because parent entities hold child entities, the child entities must be recycled if the parent entity is. You’ll implement service methods both to recycle and to restore parent and child entities.

On moving a parent entry to the Recycle Bin, you must perform these actions on it and its children:

  1. Update its status
  2. Add a trash version for it
  3. Turn off the visibility of its asset
  4. Re-index it

For example, look at how the method moveDependentsToTrash from AlbumLocalServiceImpl class handles moving an album’s songs to the Recycle Bin. Here’s the method’s code:

protected void moveDependentsToTrash(List<Song> songs, long trashEntryId)
	throws PortalException, SystemException {

	for (Song song : songs) {

		// Entry

		if (song.isInTrash()) {

		int oldStatus = song.getStatus();



		// Trash

		int status = oldStatus;

		if (oldStatus == WorkflowConstants.STATUS_PENDING) {
			status = WorkflowConstants.STATUS_DRAFT;

		if (oldStatus != WorkflowConstants.STATUS_APPROVED) {
				trashEntryId, Song.class.getName(), song.getSongId(),
				status, null);

		// Asset

			Song.class.getName(), song.getSongId(), false);

		// Indexer

		Indexer indexer = IndexerRegistryUtil.nullSafeGetIndexer(


This method updates the entry’s status, adds a trash version for it, turns off the visibility of its asset, and reindexes it for search purposes.

Here’s how the method implements this for the song entity:

  1. Update its status: Similar to updating the status for a single entry, the status of each album’s song must reflect that the song has been moved to the Recycle Bin. The following code updates the song’s status:

  2. Add a trash version for it: When moving content with versions to the Recycle Bin, the trash version entity stores the status of those versions, so those statuses can be set back to their original values when the entity is restored. When a parent entity with content is sent to the Recycle Bin, each element in that parent also generates a trash version. You can view trash versions by navigating inside a trash entry. The following invocation adds the trash version for the song:

          Song.class.getName(), song.getSongId(), status, null);
  3. Turn off the visibility of its asset: The song’s visibility is turned off in the following code:

     assetEntryLocalService.updateVisible(Song.class.getName(), song.getSongId(), false);
  4. Re-index it: Since the visibility of the song entity has been modified, the album’s songs must be re-indexed so they’re searchable. Here’s the code that accomplishes this:

     Indexer indexer = IndexerRegistryUtil.nullSafeGetIndexer(Song.class);

You’ll be comforted to know that restoring a parent’s child entities from the Recycle Bin involves similar steps. The restoreDependentsFromTrash convenience method in the Jukebox portlet’s AlbumLocalServiceImpl class, for example, demonstrates these steps. As a summary, here’s what you do for each child entity:

  1. Update its status
  2. Remove the trash version of it
  3. Turn on the visibility of its asset
  4. Re-index it

Restoring entities placed in the trash is straightforward when done in the service classes for your app’s parent entities.

As a developer, you only need to tell the portal that the parent entity has children and how to obtain them. The Recycle Bin UI automatically accounts for the parent’s children.

Terrific! You’ve learned how to designate parent models as container model entities in your service definition. You’ve provided a means to trash/restore a parent’s child entities when trashing/restoring that parent, and you’ve learned how the Recycle Bin UI lets you work with a parent’s child entities.

Recycling Assets with the Recycle Bin

Service Builder and Services

Enabling Search and Indexing

Asset Framework

Asset Enabling Custom Entities

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