There are times when you want to export/import specific content created from an
application, and not deal with site data at all. Many Liferay apps allow you to
export or import their app data indiviually. These include many of Liferay’s
collaborative applications, such as the Blogs, Wiki, and Message Boards apps. To
export or import app data, click on the Options icon
() of your app and select
Export/Import. Exporting app data produces a
.lar file that you can save
and import into another application of the same type. To import app
data, you must select a
.lar file. Be careful not to confuse app-specific
.lar files with site-specific
.lar files. See the
Importing/Exporting Pages and Content
section for a discussion of importing and exporting site page data.
You can export/import app content two ways. You can navigate to the app’s administrative area located in the Menu, or you can visit the indiviual app that resides on a Liferay page. Both export/import menus work the same, but the administrative area may hold different content than its indiviual app counterpart (e.g., Web Content Admin in Menu and Web Content Display app will not offer same content for export/import), so be wary of your app selection. To reach the Export/Import menu for an app listed in the Menu, navigate to the app in the Menu, and then select the Options icon () from the top right of the page and click Export/Import. Likewise, you can navigate to the Export/Import menu for an individual app by navigating to the app’s Options menu and selecting Export/Import.
You’ll explore the export process for apps first.
First, you can choose to export your application’s configuration settings. This exports your customized settings that you’ve configured from your application’s Options → Configuration menu.
Next, you can select a Date Range of content that you’d like to export.
Content that has been added to your app within your specified date range is
included in the
.lar file. You also have options of choosing All dates or
just the most recently added content, or Last.
By checking the Content box, you can choose specific content you’d like to
export. When you check the Content box, more options appear, allowing you to
choose specific kinds of metadata to include. For example, if you have a wiki
page with referenced content that you don’t wish to include, you can simply
check the Wiki Pages checkbox and uncheck the Referenced Content checkbox.
Another option in the Content section of the Export/Import window is the
selection of content types. Two familiar content types in your Liferay instance
is Comments and Ratings. If you wish to include these entities in your
.lar file, select Change and select them from the checklist.
Lastly, you can choose whether to include permissions for your exported content. The permissions assigned for the exported app window will be included if the Export Permissions selector is enabled. After you’ve exported your app’s data, switch to the Current and Previous tab to view ongoing export processes and the history of past exports.
To import app data, you can select the LAR using your file explorer or by dragging and dropping the file between the dotted lines. Your LAR file is uploaded and displayed to you for review. Click Continue.
Now that you’ve uploaded and confirmed your LAR file, you’re given a similar screen to what you’d be offered during export. Several of these options are covered in great detail in the Importing/Exporting Pages and Content section. There are a couple of additional options, however, available – Update Data and Authorship of the Content. Here’s options and descriptions for each section:
- Mirror: All data and content inside the imported LAR will be created as new the first time while maintaining a reference to the source. Subsequent imports from the same source will update entries instead of creating new entries.
- Mirror with overwriting: Same behavior as the mirror strategy, but if a document or an image with the same name is found, it is overwritten.
- Copy as New: All data and content inside the imported LAR will be created as new entries within the current site every time the LAR is imported.
Authorship of the Content
- Use the Original Author: Keep authorship of imported content whenever possible. Use the current user as author if the original one is not found.
- Use the Current User as Author: Assign the current user as the author of all imported content.
Once you’ve selected the appropriate options, select Import, and your app’s data is imported and ready for use.
Next, you’ll learn how to communicate between applications in a Liferay instance.