Creating File Shortcuts

To create file shortcuts (FileShortcut entities) in the Documents and Media library, you must use the DLAppService interface’s addFileShortcut method:

addFileShortcut(long repositoryId, 
                long folderId, 
                long toFileEntryId, 
                ServiceContext serviceContext)

See this method’s Javadoc for a description of the parameters. Note that all this method’s parameters are mandatory.

Keep these things in mind when creating shortcuts:

  • You can create a shortcut to a file in a different Site, if that file and its resulting shortcut are in the same portal instance.
  • You can’t create folder shortcuts.
  • Shortcuts can only exist in the default Site repository. If you try to invoke addFileShortcut with an external repository’s ID (e.g., a SharePoint repository), the operation fails. Because not all repositories have the same features, the Documents and Media API only supports the common denominators for all repositories: files and folders.

Follow these steps to create a file shortcut with the DLAppService method addFileShortcut:

  1. Get a reference to DLAppService:

    private DLAppService _dlAppService;

    For more information on this, see the section on getting a service reference in the getting started tutorial.

  2. Get the data needed to populate the addFileShortcut method’s arguments. Since it’s common to create a file shortcut with data submitted by the end user, you can extract the data from the request. This example does so via javax.portlet.ActionRequest and ParamUtil, but you can get the data any way you wish:

    long repositoryId = ParamUtil.getLong(actionRequest, "repositoryId");
    long folderId = ParamUtil.getLong(actionRequest, "folderId");
    long toFileEntryId = ParamUtil.getLong(actionRequest, "toFileEntryId");
    ServiceContext serviceContext = ServiceContextFactory.getInstance(
                        DLFileShortcutConstants.getClassName(), actionRequest);

    For more information on getting repository and folder IDs, see the getting started tutorial’s sections on specifying repositories and folders. For more information on ServiceContext, see the tutorial Understanding ServiceContext.

  3. Call the service reference’s addFileShortcut method with the data from the previous step:

    FileShortcut fileShortcut = _dlAppService.addFileShortcut(
                                        repositoryId, folderId, toFileEntryId, 

    The method returns a FileShortcut object, which this example sets to a variable for later use. Note, however, that you don’t have to do this.

You can find the full code for this example in the updateFileShortcut method of Liferay DXP’s EditFileShortcutMVCActionCommand class. This class uses the Documents and Media API to implement almost all the FileShortcut actions that the Documents and Media app supports. Also note that this updateFileShortcut method, as well as the rest of EditFileShortcutMVCActionCommand, contains additional logic to suit the specific needs of the Documents and Media app.

Deleting File Shortcuts

Updating File Shortcuts

« Creating FoldersDeleting Entities »
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